(CNN) -- A New York man trying to set a freediving record died Sunday after he surfaced from a depth of more than 200 feet.
Nicholas Mevoli, a 32-year-old from Brooklyn, hoped to reach 236 feet (72 meters) with one breath of oxygen and without the assistance of fins.
When he surfaced, he flashed the OK sign and then lost consciousness 30 seconds later, organizers said.
Mevoli was going for a record at Dean's Blue Hole in the Bahamas. At 663 feet (202 meters), it is considered the world's deepest blue hole in seawater.
The 10-day competition brought together 56 divers from 21 countries who took part in a variety of events.
Vertical Blue, which puts on the annual event, said it was trying to figure out what happened.
"Competition freediving has an enviable safety record but the sport can never be risk-free, something understood by all freedivers," it said in a statement.
In freediving, divers plunge to depths and resurface using a single breath, shunning breathing equipment such as oxygen tanks.
Freediving thrills as worries dissolve
For thousands of enthusiasts, freediving offers an experience like nothing else.
"The joy of being in the water, suspended in silence, at that depth, is incredible," said William Trubridge, who has won more than a dozen world championships.
In a CNN iReport, Trubridge described what it's like. "There's a lot of physiological changes that happen," he said.
"The main thing which isn't experienced in any other sport is what's called the 'blood shift,' which is where all the blood is squeezed in from your extremities, and at the same time your lungs are becoming crushed by the weight of the water column above you. So you get blood pooling in the lungs."
"It's a mental sport as much as it is a physical one. One of the beautiful aspects of it is that it forces you to be in the moment. It's almost impossible to be in the water and at the same time contemplating problems. As soon as you get in the water, that all dissolves and you're just there."
In 2006, he lost consciousness before getting to the surface. He also lost his sense of taste, which has never returned.
There are no clear figures on how frequently deaths and injuries occur. "The statistics are a bit murky," Outside magazine reported. "Some deaths go unreported, and the numbers that are kept include people who freedive as part of other activities, like spearfishing. But one estimate of worldwide freediving-related fatalities revealed a nearly threefold increase, from 21 deaths in 2005 to 60 in 2008."
Photographer Logan Mock-Bunting, who captured stunning imagesof a 2012 competition, said that despite dangers, serious freedivers are hardly reckless. They're followed by safety divers and can be brought back to the surface, where a medical team is on hand.
"Ultimately, it's the professionalism and constant training of these staff that give the athletes the utmost confidence that they can push their limits and work at top levels," Mock-Bunting said. "The system around them is so strong."
The South Florida Dive Journal breaks down the steps to freediving, from lowering your heart rate to gliding "with virtually no exertion."
"You begin to imagine the efficiency of function a fish or dolphin must realize with their superior hydrodynamic designs," the journal says, "and wonder why you took so long to experience this natural euphoria."